The word technique comes from techne, a Greek root word that has been translated into Spanish as "art" or "science" . This notion serves to describe a type of actions governed by norms or a certain protocol that has the purpose of arriving at a specific result both level scientific as technological , artistic or from any other field. In other words, a technique is a set of regulated procedures and guidelines which is used as means, medium to get to a certain end .
The technique assumes that, in similar situations, repeating behaviors or carrying out the same procedure will produce same effect . Therefore, it is a Way of acting ordered that consists in the systematic repetition of certain actions.
Usually, the technique requires the use of very varied tools and knowledge, which can be both physicists as intellectuals . It should be noted that using techniques is not an exclusive custom of human beings, but that various species of animals They also resort to techniques to respond to their survival needs.
In this sense, it should be stressed that the technique can be said to be the result of man's need to be able to carry out the modification of his environment in order to achieve a better and better quality of life. Thus, it could be established that it is born from his imagination and once established in it he takes to the concretion and the practice to achieve the marked objectives.
This circumstance that we have exposed about what is the birth of the technique can determine that it is based on a fundamental pillar that is the dichotomy or the trial and error binomial. And it is that the different tests that are obtained and of the errors that they give rise are those that allow to obtain the appropriate procedure to the needs that are sought to satisfy.
Also other fundamental characteristics of the technique are the fact that it is transmitted between people, that it improves both with time and with practice, that each person inevitably prints their own stamp, and that it is something not only of the humans but also animals. However, certainly in animals these techniques are not so complex.
At man On the other hand, the technique appears as a resource developed against the need to alter the means to adapt it to your requirements. It has the peculiarity of being transmissible , but it is not always carried out consciously or under a reflective profile. A man can learn a technique from others, can transform it or even invent a new technique.
In this sense, we can determine as an example a sentence like the following: “Messi is a very applauded soccer player at all times and is that, in addition to having an undeniable gift and a spectacular scoring nose, he also has an impeccable technique that everybody is surprised. ”
The technology It has techniques as objects of study but also deals with evaluating the different uses that can be made of them. The word is formed by two terms of Greek origin, the one mentioned techne and logos (“Set of knowledge” ). It is said that technological activity influences the social and economic progress of the society , but also that affects the environment .