In order to get into the establishment of the meaning of territoriality it is necessary that, first, we proceed to know its etymological origin. In this sense, we can say that it derives from the Latin "territorial", which is the result of the sum of two clearly differentiated parts: the noun "terra", which means "earth", and the suffix "-orio", which is used to indicate membership
Territoriality It is a notion that comes from territory : a zone or region that establishes a jurisdiction, belongs to a certain State or serves as a field of action. The concept, in this way, usually refers to the circumscription mode of something according to their territorial development .
The idea of territoriality appears in the field of sociology , the Social psychology and other sciences. It is a instinctive behavior or attitude of the animals (including at human being ) that promotes the defense of the territory they occupy. In the case of human beings, this defense is also linked to the culture .
For many thinkers, the territoriality born of instinct derives from the tendency of man to appropriate, defend and manage specific geographic sectors . This identification with the territory allows the construction of identity and serves to meet different needs.
The state They are based on the concept of territoriality. Once a State is established, the authorities enjoy a monopoly on the use of violence in the region and administer the area at the political level. In fact, for a person to enter or leave the territory, or remain there, he must have the permission of the state authorities (through identity documents, passports, visas, etc.).
The animals They also develop territoriality when they define and defend their habitat, preventing other specimens from approaching or installing in the area. Dogs, for example, mark their territory with urine.
As with dogs, cats also have a marked sense of territoriality and therefore do not hesitate to undertake certain acts with the clear objective of making clear what their space is, what their property is. These animals carry out several ways to perform this delimitation, however, among the most common are urine, the scratches they generate with their sharp nails and by rubbing. This last method is perhaps the most used because they consider that by carrying it out they release their pheromones and make it clear that this is their property. Thus, they do not hesitate to touch each other with furniture, with concrete objects that they have in their room and even with what their own owners are. That means that, on more than one occasion, do not hesitate to rub between the legs of the people who care for them.
In the field of right Finally, territoriality is associated with a legal fiction which states that embassies, consulates and flag vessels are part of the territory of a nation, beyond its real geographical location.
In this sense, it should also be noted that the aforementioned territoriality is based on three fundamental elements such as the sense of exclusivity, the sense of spatial identity and the mode of interaction of the human being in what space is.