Specifically, we could establish that this term emanates from Latin. Thus, we discover that its etymological origin is the sum of two Latin parts: the prefix "sub-", which means below, and the verb "dare", which is synonymous with "give."
Subject is who is subject to the authority of a superior and has the obligation to obey him. The concept is used to name the citizen of a nation that must submit to political authorities.
For example: "The leader's mistake was to show weakness before the subjects", "The monarch always addressed the subjects with sympathy and warmth, with the intention of ensuring their confidence and avoiding revolts", "Lord Scheniltz refuses to remain a subject of His Highness".
It is important to establish differences between the subject and the citizen. The subject implies a legal situation whereby a person depends on State for life, with a limited exercise of civil and political rights. The citizen, on the other hand, maintains a different link with the State, since he enjoys various rights.
That is why the term of subject was more common in ancient times, when there was a different conception of the State. The sovereign was the absolute monarch and holder of all rights over their territory while the subjects were "objects" (and not "Subjects") of the rights of the monarch.
In this sense, we could determine, for example, who is the subject in an absolute monarchy:
• It is he who abides by the orders established by the king, who is the only one able to govern and to establish all the laws he deems appropriate. Therefore, considering that the absolutist monarchs stand as the figure that God has established on earth to govern, the subject is totally subject to what would be the divine law.
• Does not participate in politics or any other matter that is important to the city or country in question.
• He owes absolute obedience to the king.
• It is, in other words, a vassal since not only must the monarch's orders be followed closely but he also has no right to express himself.
• You must assume the consequences of your ruler's actions without raising your voice and claiming nothing.
• It is also important to establish that centuries ago the subjects of any king were also obliged to pay him a significant amount of taxes. In this way, it was how the court could be maintained and all the expenses that it entailed without forgetting the military campaigns that were carried out. It is important to know that the condition of the subject at that time was inherited, passed from parents to children.
The notion of british subject On the other hand, it changed over the years. Historically, all those who, having been born in some territory belonging to the country, were considered as subjects British Empire , have sworn allegiance to Crown .
"The Subject"Finally, it is a novel written by the German Heinrich Mann who had his film adaptation by his compatriot Wolfgang Staudte .