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He parliament is the assembly or legislative chamber , whether provincial or national. Written with initial capital letter, the Parliament is it the place or the building where this institution has its headquarters.

The state with parliamentary system they have their constitutional body in parliament, which is formed by representatives that they are elected by the people through elections, and that they have the mission to express the popular will through the elaboration of legal norms and the integration between the various institutions of the State.

It can be said, therefore, that the function of parliament resembles that of congress , although this is typical of the presidential system and exhibits a more definite separation between the Legislative power and the Executive power .

The origin of the concept of parliament is in French parlement which, in turn, derives from parler ("talk" ). That is why the notion of parliament also uses to name the speech wave chat . For example: "The parliament of the singer was interrupted by the cries of the public", "The lawyer vanished in the middle of the parliament he held with his peers", “The leader gave a moving parliament to the thousands of attendees”.

As an institution, therefore, the parliament is linked to the meetings that the representatives of the nobility, the clergy and the cities held in ancient times. These parliaments were convened by the king to deal with the imposition of rights and assessments.

The legislative assemblies of United Kingdom , France , Belgium and Ireland They are some of which, at present, are known as parliaments.

The systems Democrats recognize four fundamental guarantees to parliament:

* inviolability: it is about absolute immunity, which means that it cannot be attacked or leveled by legal means. In other words, there is no authority or person that could interfere with their actions. Likewise, the immunity of headquarters, which prevents unauthorized entry into the building in which this constitutional body is located;

* regulatory autonomy: they can define their own rules to govern their operation, both at a general and individual level;

* functional autonomy: Only Presidents and officials of a parliament can exercise the administration of its resources and its norms;

* budgetary autonomy: Parliament is free to approve its budgets, for which it can use public funds.

Common features

In all democratic states, despite the differences they may present with each other, parliaments share a series of general features, which are appreciated in their nature as well as in their functions.

With regard to the nature of the parliament, it is possible to point out two characteristics constants in all cases:

* its members are elected through the suffrage Free, universal, secret and direct of all its members. In cases in which the parliament is made up of two or more Chambers, at least one of them must cast the votes, and usually receives the name of the lower house and is elected based on the principle of plurinominal proportional scrutiny (the percentage of votes received affects the number of seats assigned to them);

* they are fully autonomous in that they are responsible for their own regulation, and resolve on their own the budgetary and organization hierarchical of its members.

On the other hand, the following four characteristics of parliaments also coincide from the point of view of their functions:

* prepare and approve Laws;
* they elect the members of the Executive Power, or they carry out a control of their actions;
* they are in charge of guiding public policy and the decisions taken by the State;
* they integrate other constitutional bodies.

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