Pemex is the acronym that identifies Mexican oil , a company created in 1938 from the expropriation and nationalization of goods of foreign oil companies operating in Mexico . This decision was paid by the president Lázaro Cárdenas del Río , after the outbreak of a conflict between workers in the sector and companies.
Pemex It is responsible for exploring the land and developing the oil farms when the reserves are found. The company , which is the largest in the Aztec nation and one of the most important in Latin America , also markets the Petroleum . Since the decade of 1990 , the firm is divided into four large subsidiaries: PEMEX Petrochemical , PEMEX Gas and Basic Petrochemicals , PEMEX Refining and Pemex Exploration and Production .
They are also part of their operation the company subsidiary PMI Comercio Industrial SA de CV and the Mexican Petroleum Institute . The aforementioned subsidiary agencies act in a decentralized manner and their creation was in charge of the federal government; on the other hand, subsidiary companies are managed as private companies and were created in accordance with the laws that apply in the jurisdictions in which their constitution took place.
The company is run by a Board of directors which is represented by professionals and union sectors. The headquarters of Pemex it works in the PEMEX Executive Tower , the second building of greater height in the federal District . This skyscraper began to be built in 1976 and it was completed seven years later.
It should be noted that said building was the scene of a tragedy on January 31, 2013 , when an explosion caused the death of 37 people and left more than a hundred injured.
Like any great company, Pemex It is usually the subject of various controversies. While managers highlight the company's donations and support for various social programs, many mention the damage in the environment which supposedly produces the operation of the firm and also denounces cases of corruption in its management.
PEMEX is not only based in I usually Mexican, but operates in several countries. This state company exceeds 100 million dollars in annual sales, an amount that is above the GDP (gross domestic product) of some Latin American countries. Among the types of fuel produced by this company that has a workforce of more than 150 thousand employees, are the following: Crude oil, Diesel, Fuel oil, Paraffins, Magna gasoline (octane 87 and regular quality), Premium gasoline "(octane 92 and higher quality), Liquefied Gas, Natural Gas, Asphalt, Ekbé and Turbosina.
The unions associated with PEMEX are:
* Union of Workers of the Mexican Republic : its origins date from 1915, although its formal constitution took place two decades later. It is worth mentioning that until 1989 his name included the word "Revolutionary", so the acronym that represents it, which is currently STPRM , was SRTPRM ;
* Movements of Technicians and Professionals : It was formally established in 1970, after 25 years of isolated attempts by PEMEX professionals and technical workers. Of its General Assembly, which took place in Coatzacoalcos, 700 employees participated and the act was verified by a notary public. Its beginnings, on the other hand, were not easy, since this Assembly was followed by years of struggle, demonstrations and stoppages so that its rights were recognized;
* National Union of Petroleum Technicians and Professionals : This is a union that emerged as a result of a contract that PEMEX created in 2007 for its trusted workers, by which he stripped them of their right to defend their stability in the post.